Practically anyone with long hair or who has had long hair, knows what split ends are, but not what causes them. There are numerous reasons which cause a strand to split in two at the end of the hair shaft, and the longer your hair is, the more prone to damage your hair will be due to the distance from the scalp. Alongside heat styling and bleaching, hair colouring can be a major culprit and one of the most common causes of split ends. And, not so well known, the rough treatment of hair, especially when wet, can also do it harm.
Your scalp normally produces natural oils which protect the hair from injury or harm. But as hair gets longer, the ends don’t come into contact with these same oils, which leaves every strand weaker at the ends than it is closer to the head. After an end splits even a little, it slowly continues splitting up the hair shaft, which then results in damage that can only be properly treated by the removal of the split ends. Some professional hair salons in Perth know all about split ends, what causes them and steps you can take to avoid them.
Beware Hair Styling Tools
Tools such as blow dryers, flat and curling irons are a few of the most common causes for causing split ends. If not done carefully, the high heat will singe the ends of the hair, making them brittle enough to split or break off. While there are some products that can help to limit the damage, hair that is often subjected to the high temperatures of a blow dryer or hot styling tools will usually become damaged.
Bleach, which is often used for highlighting or lightening dark hair is actually pretty harsh on the ends of the hair. Bleach will forever alter a hair’s structure, and remove not only the colour, but also any oils and proteins that aid the hair to withstand normal styling. Hair that gets frequently bleached, if not taken care of properly, will eventually become brittle.
Hair Shading and Colouring
Not quite so hard as bleach, any kind of hair colouring could also be the cause of split ends. Similar to bleaching, low quality colour will alter the structure of the hair, although a basic hair dye will not normally do it any harm. The chemicals which are in the colouring depend on the hair’s natural oils to limit any damage and this is why almost all at-home hair dyes instruct one to apply the product on unwashed hair.
So, try being gentle with your hair! Don’t forget that wet hair is more vulnerable to harm, so try not to brush your hair when it is wet. Also, avoid over brushing, as brushing in itself creates stress to hair, which leads to split ends. When brushing your hair, use a brush with soft, even bristles or a wide-toothed comb. (Avoid nylon bristles).